Instabilities of fluid flows and the associated transitions between different possible flow states provide a fascinating set of problems that have attracted researchers for over a hundred years. This book addresses state-of-the-art developments in numerical techniques for computational modelling of fluid instabilities and related bifurcation structures, as well as providing comprehensive reviews of recently solved challenging problems in the field.
This book presents computational and statistical methods used by intelligent systems within the concept of Industry 4.0. The methods include among others evolution-based and swarm intelligence-based methods. Each method is explained in its fundamental aspects, while some notable bibliography is provided for further reading. This book describes each methods´ principles and compares them. It is intended for researchers who are new in computational and statistical methods but also to experienced users.
Origami structures have the ability to be easily fabricated from planar forms, enable the deployment of large structures from small volumes, and are potentially reconfigurable. These characteristics have led to an increased interest in theoretical and computational origami among engineers from across the world. In this book, the principles of origami, active materials, and solid mechanics are combined to present a full theory for origami structures. The focus is on origami structures morphed via active material actuation and formed from sheets of finite thickness. The detailed theoretical derivations and examples make this an ideal book for engineers and advanced students who aim to use origami principles to develop new applications in their field.
ICTAEM_1 treated all aspects of theoretical, applied and experimental mechanics including biomechanics, composite materials, computational mechanics, constitutive modeling of materials, dynamics, elasticity, experimental mechanics, fracture, mechanical properties of materials, micromechanics, nanomechanics, plasticity, stress analysis, structures, wave propagation. During the conference special symposia covering major areas of research activity organized by members of the Scientific Advisory Board took place. ICTAEM_1 brought together the most outstanding world leaders and gave attendees the opportunity to get acquainted with the latest developments in the area of mechanics. ICTAEM_1 is a forum of university, industry and government interaction and serves in the exchange of ideas in an area of utmost scientific and technological importance.
This book is a collection of select papers presented at the Tenth Structural Engineering Convention 2016 (SEC-2016). It comprises plenary, invited, and contributory papers covering numerous applications from a wide spectrum of areas related to structural engineering. It presents contributions by academics, researchers, and practicing structural engineers addressing analysis and design of concrete and steel structures, computational structural mechanics, new building materials for sustainable construction, mitigation of structures against natural hazards, structural health monitoring, wind and earthquake engineering, vibration control and smart structures, condition assessment and performance evaluation, repair, rehabilitation and retrofit of structures. Also covering advances in construction techniques/ practices, behavior of structures under blast/impact loading, fatigue and fracture, composite materials and structures, and structures for non-conventional energy (wind and solar), it will serve as a valuable resource for researchers, students and practicing engineers alike.
This book covers the development of innovative computational methodologies for the simulation of steel material fracture under both monotonic and ultra-low-cycle fatigue. The main aspects are summarised as follows: i) Database of small and full-scale testing data covering the X52, X60, X65, X70 and X80 piping steel grades. Monotonic and ULCF tests of pipe components were performed (buckled and dented pipes, elbows and straight pipes). ii) New constitutive models for both monotonic and ULCF loading are proposed. Besides the Barcelona model, alternative approaches are presented such as the combined Bai-Wierzbicki-Ohata-Toyoda model. iii) Developed constitutive models are calibrated and validated using experimentally derived testing data. Guidelines for damage simulation are included. The book could be seen as a comprehensive repository of experimental results and numerical modeling on advanced methods dealing with Ultra Low Cycle Fatigue of Pipelines when subjected to high strain loading conditions.
According to application of nano-beams as nano-sensors, actuators, nano-generators, transistors, diodes and resonators in nano-electromechanical systems and in biotechnology it is important to investigate the vibrational behavior of nano-beams. In this study, the differential transformation method (DTM) is employed for vibration analysis of size-dependent nano-beams considering the coupled surface and nonlocality effects for various boundary conditions. The Eringen¿s nonlocal elasticity theory takes into account the effect of small size while the Gurtin-Murdoch model is used to incorporate the surface effects. The derived governing differential equation solved by DTM which demonstrated to have high precision and computational efficiency in the vibration analysis of nano-beams.
This introductory guide to flight simulator design covers both the theory of dynamic systems and the practical aspects of implementation. After introducing simulation, the text then discusses mathematical modeling and computational methods; flight mechanics and dynamics; equations of motion and the mathematical methods used in their solutions; modeling flight control systems, avionic systems, visual, and display and motion systems; and the issues of simulator verification and the validation of flight models. It features case studies, images, and diagrams from a flight simulator developed by the author´s group at Sheffield University. Principles of Flight Simulation is a comprehensive guide to flight simulator design, covering the modelling, algorithms and software which underpin flight simulation. The book covers the mathematical modelling and software which underpin flight simulation. The detailed equations of motion used to model aircraft dynamics are developed and then applied to the simulation of flight control systems and navigation systems. Real-time computer graphics algorithms are developed to implement aircraft displays and visual systems, covering OpenGL and OpenSceneGraph. The book also covers techniques used in motion platform development, the design of instructor stations and validation and qualification of simulator systems. An exceptional feature of Principles of Flight Simulation is access to a complete suite of software (www.wiley.com/go/allerton) to enable experienced engineers to develop their own flight simulator - something that should be well within the capability of many university engineering departments and research organisations. * Based on C code modules from an actual flight simulator developed by the author, along with lecture material from lecture series given by the author at Cranfield University and the University of Sheffield * Brings together mathematical modeling, computer graphics, real-time software, flight control systems, avionics and simulator validation into one of the faster growing application areas in engineering * Features full colour plates of images and photographs. Principles of Flight Simulation will appeal to senior and postgraduate students of system dynamics, flight control systems, avionics and computer graphics, as well as engineers in related disciplines covering mechanical, electrical and computer systems engineering needing to develop simulation facilities.
Covers the latest developments in modeling elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) problems using the finite element method (FEM) This comprehensive guide introduces readers to a powerful technology being used today in the modeling of elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) problems. It provides a general framework based on the finite element method (FEM) for dealing with multi-physical problems of complex nature (such as the EHL problem) and is accompanied by a website hosting a user-friendly FEM software for the treatment of EHL problems, based on the methodology described in the book. Finite Element Modeling of Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Problems begins with an introduction to both the EHL and FEM fields. It then covers Standard FEM modeling of EHL problems, before going over more advanced techniques that employ model order reduction to allow significant savings in computational overhead. Finally, the book looks at applications that show how the developed modeling framework could be used to accurately predict the performance of EHL contacts in terms of lubricant film thickness, pressure build-up and friction coefficients under different configurations. Finite Element Modeling of Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Problems offers in-depth chapter coverage of Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication and its FEM Modeling, under Isothermal Newtonian and Generalized-Newtonian conditions with the inclusion of Thermal Effects; Standard FEM Modeling; Advanced FEM Modeling, including Model Order Reduction techniques; and Applications, including Pressure, Film Thickness and Friction Predictions, and Coated EHL. This book: Comprehensively covers the latest technology in modeling EHL problems Focuses on the FEM modeling of EHL problems Incorporates advanced techniques based on model order reduction Covers applications of the method to complex EHL problems Accompanied by a website hosting a user-friendly FEM-based EHL software Finite Element Modeling of Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Problems is an ideal book for researchers and graduate students in the field of Tribology.